Glossary of Terms

Assault by penetration: the penetration of the vagina or anus of another person with a part of their body or anything else without consent

Bullying: Repeated behaviour which is intended to hurt someone either emotionally or physically. Whilst there is no legal definition of bullying, some forms of bullying are illegal. These include, Violence or assault, Theft, Repeated harassment or intimidation, for example name calling, threats and abusive phone calls, emails or text messages and Hate Crime.

Coercive behaviour: an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten their victim

Controlling behaviour: a range of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent by isolating them from sources of support, exploiting their resources and capacities for personal gain, depriving them of the means needed for independence, resistance and escape and regulating their everyday behaviour.

Cyberstalking: refers to the use of electronic communication, including the Internet, to stalk or harass a person or group of people.

Harassment: unwanted conduct related to a relevant protected characteristic, which has the purpose or effect of violating an individual’s dignity or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for that individual.”

Microaggressions: a micro-aggression is a statement, action, or incident regarded as an instance of indirect, subtle, or unintentional discrimination against members of a marginalized group such as a racial or ethnic minority.

Rape: is the penetration of the vagina, anus or mouth of another person with a penis, without the person’s consent, where the perpetrator does not have reasonable belief there was consent.

Sexual assault:  is defined as: a person intentionally penetrating the vagina or anus of another person with an object, or part of the body other than the penis, without their consent, and without having reasonable belief in consent.

Sexual Consent: Someone consents to vaginal, anal or oral penetration only if the person agrees by choice to that penetration and has the freedom and capacity to make that choice.

Sexual harassment: any unwanted behaviour of a sexual nature that you find offensive or which makes you feel distressed, intimidated or humiliated.

Rape: is legally defined in the UK as the penetration with a penis of the vagina, anus or mouth of another person without their consent.

Victimisaiton: is defined as treating someone badly because they have made a claim or complaint of discrimination (under the Equality Act), helped someone else to make a claim by giving evidence or information, made an allegation that you or someone else has breached the Act or made any other action in relation to the Act.